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Aptitude Tests Skills To Master in 2013 – Fresh Graduates in Ghana Guide

Posted by | May 20, 2013 | Graduate Article

1. Verbal reasoning:

A verbal reasoning test is an aptitude test that measures the ability to comprehend complex written materials and deduct relevant information and conclusions. Verbal Reasoning tests also include spelling, grammar, logics, and vocabulary tests. Different aptitude tests are administered to candidates in different professions

Verbal reasoning psychometric tests, along with other aptitude tests, are widely used in job selection processes, as employers want to assess candidates’ ability to comprehend, analyze, and interpret written text – a required task in most positions.

True/False/Cannot say tests

The most common question format that currently appears in verbal reasoning tests is the true/false/cannot say question type. This question format can appear both in simple verbal reasoning tests and in advanced critical reasoning tests. Positions of higher-end profiles e.g. management, finance, and banking are more likely to encounter the advanced version of these tests as they measure critical and analytical skills.

Additional Verbal Reasoning Test Types

  • Logical reasoning tests – measure your ability to read a text and establish relationships between groups.
  • Critical thinking tests – read more about Watson-Glaser Test and oxford and Cambridge’s TSA.
  • Analogies – measure your understanding of word meanings and their relationships.
  • English proficiency tests – following instructions, vocabulary, and spelling.
  • Verbal application – sentence completion. Assesses your reading comprehension and ability to fill in missing words in a sentence.
  • Mixed sentences – requires the candidate to make sense of a sentence in which the words have been mixed up.
  • Verbal comprehension – another popular question type that requires the reader to identify a certain piece of information in the text under a very limited time frame, thereby evaluating the ability to quickly scan and discern verbal texts to find relevant data.

However, verbal ability – comprehension, vocabulary and interpretation, can be improved significantly through practice. Understanding the underpinning principles as well as the mere exposure to these tests are all key contributors to your success.

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2. Numerical reasoning

A numerical reasoning test includes a wide range of aptitude tests varying from “basic arithmetic tests” through “estimation tests” that measure speed in making educated mathematical estimations to “advanced numerical reasoning tests” that measure ability to interpret complex data presented in various graphic forms and to deduce information and conclusions.

What are Numerical Reasoning tests?

Numerical Reasoning tests, often called data interpretation tests or numerical critical reasoning tests, are the most common type of aptitude-psychometric tests candidates are likely to do in any assessment centre or recruitment process.

These tests are usually administered to candidates applying for managerial, supervisory, sales and professional positions, and for jobs that require workers to make decisions and inferences based on numerical data.  The most common types of numerical tests are:

  • Numerical critical reasoning – measure the ability to interpret data presented in a text, graph or table form.
  • Number series – measure the ability to figure out the logic behind numerical series.
  • Basic arithmetic skills/numeracy tests – assess your numerical literacy skills.

Numerical Aptitude Tests usually evaluate abilities as:

  • Critical reasoning and general intelligence.
  • Basic Arithmetic – the four basic operations, percentages, proportions, etc.
  • Estimations.
  • Graph and data analysis.
  • Speed and concentration.

Other popular characteristics of numerical tests:

  • Multiple choice questions, four to six distracters, and a single correct answer.
  • About 45 seconds to one minute per question
  • In some cases, a permission to use a calculator.
  • Free use of pen and paper.

Numerical Reasoning Test performance can definitely be improved through practice. Exposure to the type of tests used and their format as well as understanding the underlying principles of each test are the key to succeeding. Further, ongoing ‘hands on’ practice is guaranteed to increase your confidence and improve your ability.


3. Abstract / Inductive / Diagrammatic / Logical Reasoning

These aptitude tests measure logical reasoning and perceptual reasoning skills. They do not rely on acquired linguistic or numeric abilities but on innate abilities, and are often called non verbal reasoning tests.

Logical, abstract and inductive reasoning tests

Logical reasoning tests in the narrow sense of employers’ online assessments usually consist of abstract, diagrammatic or inductive reasoning tests. Employers often use these tests as part of their online selection process, with companies such as SHL and Kenexa being the major test providers. It would be easier to describe logical tests as non verbal reasoning tests, since they do not rely on verbal or numerical information but rather on shape sequences and the logical pattern they represent.

However, although the term logical reasoning is often categorized under the test type that was just explained, it also describes verbal logical reasoning tests, which are used in many undergraduate and graduate admission tests and in certain selection processes. To experience verbal logical reasoning questions simply scroll down this page.

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